Farming and horticulture are key industries in the United Kingdom and Europe, but the skills needed for the jobs can be hard to come by, experts say.
With a population of over three billion, the UK is the third-largest agricultural exporter in the world behind China and Germany.
But farming has been growing increasingly difficult to replicate in Britain, as a combination of a lack of demand for the skills, and the government’s restrictive environmental and labour laws, have left the country with one of the lowest levels of employment in Europe.
The UK is one of only two European countries where agriculture is not part of the economy’s core economic activity.
And that means it is often seen as a highly un-specialised, low-skilled occupation.
With an average annual wage of £13,000 in the private sector, farmers are often paid as little as £4,000 for their work, with a median salary of just £12,000.
In contrast, the British public sector, which is heavily regulated, often pays a higher wage for their agricultural workers than they do for other public sector employees, the Financial Times reports.
While the number of farmers in the country has risen in recent years, the number that work in the sector has remained stable over the past decade.
This has made it easier for employers to attract skilled workers and for farmers to find jobs, but there is still a shortage of qualified applicants.
For many farmers, finding work in Britain is often an uphill battle.
The number of people looking for work in agriculture in the last year has increased by almost 50%, according to the Agricultural Employment Service (AES).
The number is still only around 40% of the workforce that was in 2009, the agency says.
The main hurdles that farmers have to overcome in finding work include the fact that they need to get permission from their local authority for their farm to be listed as an agricultural enterprise.
This is required if the area has a population above 10,000 and has more than two hectares of land.
The AES says that around one-third of these farms have no such permission and that the other third are exempt.
The government has recently announced plans to reform the Agricultural Development Authority (ADAA) which is responsible for ensuring that farming is not “a distraction” for the public.
However, some farmers say that even if this reform does help, they have to continue to struggle to find work in order to survive.
“We do not get enough work for what we do,” says Chris Rizzi, who owns a small farm in South-West Cornwall, one of just three small farms in the county to have its own farmer’s association.
“The ADAA doesn’t allow us to have a full range of jobs.
It is very difficult to find a job in this sector.”
According to the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS), there are currently 8,000 vacancies in the agriculture sector in the English region of England.
In addition, the government has also announced that it is working to raise the minimum wage to £7.50 an hour in order for workers to be able to afford to live in the countryside.
The ADDA’s secretary, Richard Haggerty, told the BBC that there is a shortage in rural employment in England, and that this was the result of a combination, including a lack.
“You cannot get the jobs that you need unless you are willing to live outside the farming community,” he said.
“If you can’t, then what you need is someone to do the farm work.
That is the way to go.”
With a small, but growing number of small, farmers like Rizzo, the situation has not improved much.
In recent years he has also been unable to find enough work in his field to keep him afloat.
“I don’t get any of the good things I need from farming.
I have to pay rent on a small site and have to take on extra work to make ends meet,” he says.
In the past, he has even had to give up on the idea of buying a farm.
“Now I am thinking about buying a small property in a village and getting a bit more independence,” he tells Al Jazeera.
“My dream is to have more people working on my farm, but I don’t have that freedom.”
Farmers can get into farming by doing very, very hard work.
I don of course want them to do it and I don, of course, want them not to, but they are so much better off doing it.
“Follow Tomonori Yamada on Twitter: @tomonori